MABBI – Research conducted by Haneul Seo, Andre Ditya Maulana Lubis, Tae-Jin Choi, Tae-Sung Jun, Taek-Kyun Lee, and Sukchan Lee from Lab Celtech, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Republic of Korea entitled Development of an Immunoassay Detection System for Koi Herpesvirus Using Recombinant Single-Chain Variable Fragments.
Koi herpesvirus (KHV) is a highly contagious virus that causes high mortality in koi and common carp, leading to a reduction in production worldwide. Recent diagnostic tests based on molecular methods alone (nucleic acid amplification) and indirect immunoassay methods (antibody detection) can be confirmed over KHV infections or prior exposure and latent infections. Unfortunately, there is no established method to detect KHV virus particles, especially when virus titers are low. Therefore, we propose an alternative, direct immunoassay method for viral detection using a single-chain variable fragment (scFv), a specific region of IgG antibodies that binds specifically to KHV particles. The results of functional analyses indicated that four putative scFv candidates, C5, F8, F6, and E4, were specific to KHV, but only F6 and C5 had a high binding affinity. The binding characteristics were confirmed by indirect competitive and sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, which indicated that F6 and C5 have a broad penetration area to the binding region and share a similar epitope with commercial KHV monoclonal antibodies. These characteristics were further confirmed by their interactions with purified KHV coat protein by indirect ELISA and Western blot analyses. In conclusion, the F6 and C5 scFvs have adequate binding affinity to KHV particles to permit their use in immunoassays. (Tri/MABBI)
Read more: https://www.mdpi.com/2410-3888/7/6/370