Social-Ecological System Connectivity of Seaweed and Small Scale Fisheries

MABBI – Research conducted by Abdullah Sidiq, Handayani, and Hurip Pratomo from Program Pasca Sarjana UT, Politeknik Kelautan and Perikanan Sorong entitled Social-Ecological System Connectivity of Seaweed and Small Scale Fisheries.
This research was conducted from April to May 2018 in the waters of Raam Island, Sorong City. This research was conducted with an approach and quantitative approach. Permanently selected respondents were 15 respondents for fishermen from each village. Biodiversity results show that there are two families of seagrasses, eight species of seagrass for the area. However, those looking for areas in the second area are classified as moderate. The coverage area in the two areas is between 40% to 50% which is classified as “medium”. Specific densities at both stations are also moderate. The results of the study stated that some fishermen in Kampung Biak and Kampung Buton have taken advantage of the existence of the seagrass ecosystem to meet their needs. The fishing gear used by fishermen who utilize the seagrass ecosystem in the village include: nets, fishing rods, lobster traps, and fish traps. The largest catch was from small-scale fisheries in Biak Village with net fishing gear, which was ±16.5 kg/day, while in Buton Village, it was ±23.1 kg/day with fishing gear. Some of the families that dominated the catch in the two villages were Siganidae, Scaridae, Lethrinidae, and Lutjanidae. This shows that seagrass ecosystems have a high economic function because these types of livelihoods include target species to support livelihoods. The results of the analysis of small-scale fishery income in the seagrass ecosystem at the research location showed that the income earned by the fishermen in Biak and Buton Villages was Rp. 202,124.00/day and 193,151.00/day. These results can be illustrated that the importance of the existence of seagrass ecosystems so that they can be used as small-scale fishing grounds that can contribute to food security and as a livelihood for fishermen in the village. (Tri/MABBI)

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